1996 Agreement Between China And India

In an in-depth interview with News18, BR Deepak, one of China`s leading experts and a professor at the Centre for Chinese and South East Asian Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University, shared his views on the agreement cited by Jaishankar in his tweet, explaining why he thought that with the killing of 20 Indian soldiers, all the confidence-building measures (CBM) between the two countries also died. The 15 June border conflict reportedly took place during an obvious „de-escalation process”, weeks after „high-ranking military commanders from both countries” agreed on 6 June to „peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas, in accordance with various bilateral agreements”. The collision on the ridge reportedly involved hand-to-hand combat with iron bars, stones and fists, resulting in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of Chinese soldiers. While neither side carried rifles, most of the soldiers killed in the fighting lost their footing or were pushed by the narrow back of the Himalayas and fell to death. These are the first deaths along the LAC since 1975. Signed in New Delhi on April 11, 2005, available in the Chinese AMF contract base in English, Chinese and Hindi. The English text of the agreement is also contained in the Indian treatment base MEA. Article 1 states that „differences in the issue of borders should not affect the overall development of bilateral relations. Both sides will resolve the border issue through peaceful and friendly consultations. ” © 1996 Cable News Network, Inc. All rights reserved.

The agreement was signed by Chinese Foreign Minister Qian Qichen and his Indian counterpart, Kumar Gujral, when Jiang and Indian Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda were quoted. Signing in Beijing, October 23, 2013. An English text of the agreement can be found in the Media Centre of the Indian MEA as well as in the UN Peace Database. According to Ankit Panda of The Diplomat, the 10-article agreement lists several mechanisms to reduce misunderstandings and improve communication between the two countries along their controversial border. Article VI expressly prohibits one party from actively tracking or following another party`s patrols. Articles VI, VII and VIII explicitly describe dispute resolution procedures in „areas where there is no common understanding of the effective line of control.” Signed in New Delhi on January 17, 2012, available in the Chinese MFA contract base in English, Chinese and Hindi. The English text of the agreement is also contained in the Indian MEA database on Indian contracts. Both sides agreed to establish the WMCC to address important border issues related to peacekeeping and calm in the border regions of India and China. (Article 1) The WMCC will be led by an Indian MEA official at the joint secretaries level and an official at the executive level of the Chinese AMF and will be composed of diplomatic and military officials from both sides. (Article 2) Articles VII and VIII of the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement-2013 repeat the aspects highlighted in the 1996 agreement with regard to the reaction to facial situations with regard to the non-agreement on border alignment, i.e.: